Energy consumption by fuel type, UK, 1995 to 2021, million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe)

The UK's energy mix has shifted away from the use of coal. Coal met 16% of energy demand whilst renewables met only 1% in 2000, and by 2021 coal was meeting 3% and renewable energy 15%, mainly through bioenergy and wind.

Source: Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy

  1. Renewable energy consumption includes Bioenergy and Waste (includes solid renewable sources (wood, straw and waste), a small amount of renewable primary heat sources (solar, geothermal, etc.), liquid biofuels, landfill gas and sewage gas) and Wind, Solar and Hydro (includes natural flow hydro, but excludes generation from pumped storage stations).

  2. Fossil fuels includes Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas.

  3. These estimates have not been adjusted for temperature or seasonal factors.